eLaws of Florida

  SECTION 458.3475. Anesthesiologist assistants.  

Latest version.
  • 1(1) 2DEFINITIONS.3-4As used in this section, the term:
    11(a) 12“Anesthesiologist” means an allopathic physician who holds an active, unrestricted license; who has successfully completed an anesthesiology training program approved by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education or its equivalent; and who is certified by the American Board of Anesthesiology, is eligible to take that board’s examination, or is certified by the Board of Certification in Anesthesiology affiliated with the American Association of Physician Specialists.
    78(b) 79“Anesthesiologist assistant” means a graduate of an approved program who is licensed to perform medical services delegated and directly supervised by a supervising anesthesiologist.
    103(c) 104“Anesthesiology” means the practice of medicine that specializes in the relief of pain during and after surgical procedures and childbirth, during certain chronic disease processes, and during resuscitation and critical care of patients in the operating room and intensive care environments.
    145(d) 146“Approved program” means a program for the education and training of anesthesiologist assistants which has been approved by the boards as provided in subsection (5).
    171(e) 172“Boards” means the Board of Medicine and the Board of Osteopathic Medicine.
    184(f) 185“Continuing medical education” means courses recognized and approved by the boards, the American Academy of Physician Assistants, the American Medical Association, the American Osteopathic Association, the American Academy of Anesthesiologist Assistants, the American Society of Anesthesiologists, or the Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education.
    229(g) 230“Direct supervision” means the onsite, personal supervision by an anesthesiologist who is present in the office when the procedure is being performed in that office, or is present in the surgical or obstetrical suite when the procedure is being performed in that surgical or obstetrical suite and who is in all instances immediately available to provide assistance and direction to the anesthesiologist assistant while anesthesia services are being performed.
    299(h) 300“Proficiency examination” means an entry-level examination approved by the boards, including examinations administered by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants.
    322(i) 323“Trainee” means a person who is currently enrolled in an approved program.
    341(a) 342An anesthesiologist who directly supervises an anesthesiologist assistant must be qualified in the medical areas in which the anesthesiologist assistant performs and is liable for the performance of the anesthesiologist assistant. An anesthesiologist may only supervise two anesthesiologist assistants at the same time. The board may, by rule, allow an anesthesiologist to supervise up to four anesthesiologist assistants, after July 1, 2008.
    404(b) 405An anesthesiologist or group of anesthesiologists must, upon establishing a supervisory relationship with an anesthesiologist assistant, file with the board a written protocol that includes, at a minimum:
    4331. 434The name, address, and license number of the anesthesiologist assistant.
    4442. 445The name, address, license number, and federal Drug Enforcement Administration number of each physician who will be supervising the anesthesiologist assistant.
    4663. 467The address of the anesthesiologist assistant’s primary practice location and the address of any other locations where the anesthesiologist assistant may practice.
    4894. 490The date the protocol was developed and the dates of all revisions.
    5025. 503The signatures of the anesthesiologist assistant and all supervising physicians.
    5136. 514The duties and functions of the anesthesiologist assistant.
    5227. 523The conditions or procedures that require the personal provision of care by an anesthesiologist.
    5378. 538The procedures to be followed in the event of an anesthetic emergency.

    550The protocol must be on file with the board before the anesthesiologist assistant may practice with the anesthesiologist or group. An anesthesiologist assistant may not practice unless a written protocol has been filed for that anesthesiologist assistant in accordance with this paragraph, and the anesthesiologist assistant may only practice under the direct supervision of an anesthesiologist who has signed the protocol. The protocol must be updated biennially.

    623(a) 624An anesthesiologist assistant may assist an anesthesiologist in developing and implementing an anesthesia care plan for a patient. In providing assistance to an anesthesiologist, an anesthesiologist assistant may perform duties established by rule by the board in any of the following functions that are included in the anesthesiologist assistant’s protocol while under the direct supervision of an anesthesiologist:
    6821. 683Obtain a comprehensive patient history and present the history to the supervising anesthesiologist.
    6962. 697Pretest and calibrate anesthesia delivery systems and monitor, obtain, and interpret information from the systems and monitors.
    7143. 715Assist the supervising anesthesiologist with the implementation of medically accepted monitoring techniques.
    7274. 728Establish basic and advanced airway interventions, including intubation of the trachea and performing ventilatory support.
    7435. 744Administer intermittent vasoactive drugs and start and adjust vasoactive infusions.
    7546. 755Administer anesthetic drugs, adjuvant drugs, and accessory drugs.
    7637. 764Assist the supervising anesthesiologist with the performance of epidural anesthetic procedures and spinal anesthetic procedures.
    7798. 780Administer blood, blood products, and supportive fluids.
    7879. 788Support life functions during anesthesia health care, including induction and intubation procedures, the use of appropriate mechanical supportive devices, and the management of fluid, electrolyte, and blood component balances.
    81710. 818Recognize and take appropriate corrective action for abnormal patient responses to anesthesia, adjunctive medication, or other forms of therapy.
    83711. 838Participate in management of the patient while in the postanesthesia recovery area, including the administration of any supporting fluids or drugs.
    85912. 860Place special peripheral and central venous and arterial lines for blood sampling and monitoring as appropriate.
    876(b) 877Nothing in this section or chapter prevents third-party payors from reimbursing employers of anesthesiologist assistants for covered services rendered by such anesthesiologist assistants.
    900(c) 901An anesthesiologist assistant must clearly convey to the patient that he or she is an anesthesiologist assistant.
    918(d) 919An anesthesiologist assistant may perform anesthesia tasks and services within the framework of a written practice protocol developed between the supervising anesthesiologist and the anesthesiologist assistant.
    945(e) 946An anesthesiologist assistant may not prescribe, order, or compound any controlled substance, legend drug, or medical device, nor may an anesthesiologist assistant dispense sample drugs to patients. Nothing in this paragraph prohibits an anesthesiologist assistant from administering legend drugs or controlled substances; intravenous drugs, fluids, or blood products; or inhalation or other anesthetic agents to patients which are ordered by the supervising anesthesiologist and administered while under the direct supervision of the supervising anesthesiologist.
    1020(4) 1021PERFORMANCE BY TRAINEES.1024-1025The practice of a trainee is exempt from the requirements of this chapter while the trainee is performing assigned tasks as a trainee in conjunction with an approved program. Before providing anesthesia services, including the administration of anesthesia in conjunction with the requirements of an approved program, the trainee must clearly convey to the patient that he or she is a trainee.
    1087(5) 1088PROGRAM APPROVAL.1090-1091The boards shall approve programs for the education and training of anesthesiologist assistants which meet standards established by board rules. The boards may recommend only those anesthesiologist assistant training programs that hold full accreditation or provisional accreditation from the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs.
    1143(a) 1144Any person desiring to be licensed as an anesthesiologist assistant must apply to the department. The department shall issue a license to any person certified by the board to:
    11731. 1174Be at least 18 years of age.
    11812. 1182Have satisfactorily passed a proficiency examination with a score established by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants.
    12013. 1202Be certified in advanced cardiac life support.
    12094. 1210Have completed the application form and remitted an application fee, not to exceed $1,000, as set by the boards. An application must include:
    1234a. 1235A certificate of completion of an approved graduate level program.
    1245b. 1246A sworn statement of any prior felony convictions.
    1254c. 1255A sworn statement of any prior discipline or denial of licensure or certification in any state.
    1271d. 1272Two letters of recommendation from anesthesiologists.
    1278(b) 1279A license must be renewed biennially. Each renewal must include:
    12891. 1290A renewal fee, not to exceed $1,000, as set by the boards.
    13032. 1304A sworn statement of no felony convictions in the immediately preceding 2 years.
    1317(c) 1318Each licensed anesthesiologist assistant must biennially complete 40 hours of continuing medical education or hold a current certificate issued by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or its successor.
    1349(d) 1350An anesthesiologist assistant must notify the department in writing within 30 days after obtaining employment that requires a license under this chapter and after any subsequent change in his or her supervising anesthesiologist. The notification must include the full name, license number, specialty, and address of the supervising anesthesiologist. Submission of a copy of the required protocol by the anesthesiologist assistant satisfies this requirement.
    1414(e) 1415The Board of Medicine may impose upon an anesthesiologist assistant any penalty specified in s. 1430456.072 1431or s. 1433458.331(2) 1434if the anesthesiologist assistant or the supervising anesthesiologist is found guilty of or is investigated for an act that constitutes a violation of this chapter or chapter 456.
    1472(a) 1473The chairperson of the board may appoint an anesthesiologist and an anesthesiologist assistant to advise the board as to the adoption of rules for the licensure of anesthesiologist assistants. The board may use a committee structure that is most practicable in order to receive any recommendations to the board regarding rules and all matters relating to anesthesiologist assistants, including, but not limited to, recommendations to improve safety in the clinical practices of licensed anesthesiologist assistants.
    1548(b) 1549In addition to its other duties and responsibilities as prescribed by law, the board shall:
    15641. 1565Recommend to the department the licensure of anesthesiologist assistants.
    15742. 1575Develop all rules regulating the use of anesthesiologist assistants by qualified anesthesiologists under this chapter and chapter 459, except for rules relating to the formulary developed under s. 1603458.347(4)(f)1604. The board shall also develop rules to ensure that the continuity of supervision is maintained in each practice setting. The boards shall consider adopting a proposed rule at the regularly scheduled meeting immediately following the submission of the proposed rule. A proposed rule may not be adopted by either board unless both boards have accepted and approved the identical language contained in the proposed rule. The language of all proposed rules must be approved by both boards pursuant to each respective board’s guidelines and standards regarding the adoption of proposed rules.
    16963. 1697Address concerns and problems of practicing anesthesiologist assistants to improve safety in the clinical practices of licensed anesthesiologist assistants.
    1716(c) 1717When the board finds that an applicant for licensure has failed to meet, to the board’s satisfaction, each of the requirements for licensure set forth in this section, the board may enter an order to:
    17521. 1753Refuse to certify the applicant for licensure;
    17602. 1761Approve the applicant for licensure with restrictions on the scope of practice or license; or
    17763. 1777Approve the applicant for conditional licensure. Such conditions may include placement of the licensee on probation for a period of time and subject to such conditions as the board specifies, including, but not limited to, requiring the licensee to undergo treatment, to attend continuing education courses, or to take corrective action.
    1828(8) 1829PENALTY.1830-1831A person who falsely holds himself or herself out as an anesthesiologist assistant commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 1856775.082, 1857s. 1858775.083, 1859or s. 1861775.0841862.
    1863(9) 1864DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF LICENSURE.1870-1871The boards may deny, suspend, or revoke the license of an anesthesiologist assistant who the board determines has violated any provision of this section or chapter or any rule adopted pursuant thereto.
    1903(10) 1904RULES.1905-1906The boards shall adopt rules to administer this section.
    1915(11) 1916LIABILITY.1917-1918A supervising anesthesiologist is liable for any act or omission of an anesthesiologist assistant acting under the anesthesiologist’s supervision and control and shall comply with the financial responsibility requirements of this chapter and chapter 456, as applicable.
    1955(12) 1956FEES.1957-1958The department shall allocate the fees collected under this section to the board.
History.-s. 3, ch. 2004-303; s. 3, ch. 2005-4.